Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a nerve disorder that is the most common complication in patients with diabetes. The nerve damage is caused by having chronic high blood sugar.
The damage can be so severe that a person may lose the ability to feel heat, cold or pain in the hands and feet. A cut on the foot can go unnoticed which can lead to an infection. Poor blood flow and nerve damage can lead to amputation and even death.

Causes

It is thought that a combination of factors can lead to this type of nerve damage. Having high blood sugar for a prolonged period of time damages the delicate nerve fibers and weakens the capillary walls that supply the nerves with oxygen and nutrients.

Smoking and alcohol abuse is also said to damage nerves and blood vessels. This combined with years of having diabetes can result in the development of this nerve disorder.

Having autoimmune issues that cause inflammation can damage necessary nerves. Another cause is genetics that leaves a person predisposed to developing a nerve disease.

Symptoms

Symptoms of this disorder vary from patient to patient and the severity of the nerve damage tends to vary as well. The most common symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy are loss of sensation,numbness and pain in the hands, feet and legs.

Other symptoms include: tingling, pins and needles, burning, pinching, sharp stabbing pain, dizziness,faintness, weakness, nausea or vomiting.